Interventions

The Health Disparities Strategic Plan of the National Institute of Health recommends translating scientific discoveries to reach disparity populations.  Translating and adapting evidence-based behavioral interventions (EBIs) (usually developed in mainstream populations) into community and clinical settings to reach disparity populations can help reduce disparities.  The CADC faculty has collaborated on several independently-funded behavioral interventions that involved translating, adapting, and implementing interventions to reach disparity populations.  We provide resources and information on these interventions, organized by those conducted in community settings and clinical settings.  By featuring the methods of translation in detail, with resources such as project manuals available, our goal is to make these methods available as a guide to others designing interventions to reduce disparities.

Interventions in Community Settings

To translate/adapt evidence-based interventions into community settings, we have developed a unique translational framework including step-by-step guidelines (available on our transcreation page).  This framework evolved from our own experiences and innovative approaches. 

Here, we describe four behavioral interventions (programs) conducted in community settings to reach diverse older adults.  All four were evaluated using a randomized, controlled trial design, conducted in community settings. We provide downloadable materials that can be used “as is” or as a methodological guide to others conducting such interventions. A variety of downloadable resources include implementation manuals, participant program manuals, training manuals, and process evaluation forms.

Each intervention’s web pages include information on community partners, the program, research, and publications. Downloadable resources vary by intervention.

Community of Voices - Comunidad de Voces

Community choir program for diverse older adults to improve psychosocial well-being, delivered by professional choir directors.  The weekly choir practices involved learning and singing culturally-relevant songs, physical movement, and socializing, all of which are pathways to improved well-being.

  • Program manual
  • Evaluation forms
  • Research (outreach and recruitment, study design and results)

Nuevo Amanecer – A New Dawn (+Spanish)

Stress management program for Spanish-speaking Latinas with breast cancer.  Delivered by peers (compañeras).  Designed and evaluated for urban and rural Latinas at all phases of treatment for breast cancer. 

  • Implementation manual
  • Participant program manual
  • Compañera training manual
  • Implementation evaluation forms

Live Well, Be Well (+Spanish)

Lifestyle program to reduce diabetes risk factors for culturally diverse adults, delivered by public health department staff. Diabetes risk assessments in community settings identified persons at risk; those at risk were invited to enroll.

  • Diabetes Risk Appraisal (+Spanish)
  • Participant program manual (+Spanish)
  • Curriculum, interventionist manual
  • Staffing and training

Community Healthy Activities Model Program for Seniors (CHAMPS)

Program encouraging seniors to increase physical activity by participating in activities available in their community, delivered by health educators and tailored to their preferences and abilities. Also adapted for three community settings to reach minority and underserved seniors.

  • CHAMPS program manual
  • Adapted programs
  • Resources for physical activity in older adults

Interventions in Clinical Settings

Our clinic- and hospital-based research includes (i) implementation science RCTs of interventions designed to promote efficient delivery of guideline-concordant care within busy primary care visits, (ii) quasi experiments testing the effects of policy changes to translational services within primary care and hospital settings, and (iii) patient-centered work to make video clinic visits more accessible to diverse elder patients.

Video Elders Project (VVEP)

The goal of this project was to video-enable older patients scheduled for office visit appointments in UCSF General Medicine in the early days of the pandemic so that they were able to keep their appointments as video visits, or for those who were unable to be video-enabled, to convert their visits to telephone visits.

  • Patient Script
  • Tip Sheet

Language Access Systems Improvement (LASI) Initiative

The overarching goal of this proposal was to evaluate the impact of a systems intervention to certify the proficiency of clinicians’ non-English language skills and simultaneously create easy access to professional interpreters through videoconferencing – the LASI initiative.

  • Study design
  • Patient-oriented results infographics (Spanish-English and Chinese-English)